Temperatures in Turkey could rise 6.5 degrees in 80 years: Expert
In the midst of the climatic crises which invade the planet, Turkey is doing its best to curb the problem; however, climate change seems to be winning the fight.
Global climate change will affect Turkey like every other country in the world. Even after the end of this century, it could cause temperatures in Turkey to rise 6.5 degrees Celsius (43.7 degrees Fahrenheit), an academic from Turkey’s capital Ankara warned on Tuesday.
“Global warming, as confirmed by the new UN climate report, will continue over the next decades and, based on the completely new scenarios of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) , will continue beyond 2100, “said İsmail Yücel, a civil engineer who studies climate change at the Middle East Technical University (METU) in Ankara, speaking on the report” Widespread Climate Change , fast and intensive ”published Monday.
Assessing the effects of climate change in Turkey in light of the report, he said that with climate change, the air’s ability to hold water vapor has increased by around 7%.
“In our rapidly warming world, average precipitation is expected to have high spatial variability, while many regions will experience extreme precipitation events in the short term and with increasing frequency,” he said, stressing the increasingly extreme weather conditions.
“This condition is caused by an increase in specific humidity and the transport of higher amounts of humidity from the tropics.”
Recent climate simulations show that summer drought in Turkey extends up to 30% in the fall.
“The eastern Black Sea region and northeastern Anatolia are positively separated from southern Turkey by increased rainfall over the coming period during the winter and spring seasons,” said he declared.
“Under moderate and pessimistic scenarios, observed summer warming will reach record levels between 3.5 and 6.5 degrees Celsius by the turn of the century in the Western Mediterranean, Inland Aegean and Southern Aegean regions. Turkey, ”he added, pointing to temperature changes that would leave the world radically altered.
“This would increase the risk of drought, resulting in more frequent heat waves … (when) extreme temperatures last at least three days in a row, (which) would also increase the risk of fires in the world and in our country,” he explained – a timely warning given the record number of forest fires in the world this year.
Pointing out that Turkey’s coastal regions receive much more rainfall than inland areas, Yücel said that the abnormal sea level temperature changes seen in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea are also causing flooding in these regions, displacing the effect of heavy rainfall from coastal to inland areas. and higher altitudes.
“With global warming, extreme weather events that usually only last a few minutes can now last a few hours,” he said, adding that this situation also comes with the risk of landslides, especially in the region. eastern Black Sea region.
“The current use of renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar power, is expected to continue to grow,” he urged as a way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.